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Someone who has ‘cold feet’ backs out of a situation or expressed commitment because, for some reason, they feel unable to see it through.
The expression is found in American English in the 1890s. The phrase seems to have Italian origins, in the Italian expression avegh minga frecc i pee, which is a Lombard saying, literally meaning "to have no money."
Tired of living in the black and white?
Where fools can tell you that you’re never right
I know a place where the film’s in color
Just step inside of yourself
Here’s a place in the front row
So on with the show
Do you want more
Do you need more?
There’s a place where the grass is greener
And you can shake, rattle and roll
Here’s the key to the front door
Do you want more
Will you need more?
Taken at Calvary Cemetery
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White Supremacy, by J.H. Van Evrie, M.D.
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John H. Van Evrie (1814-1896), was a New York physician. He is regarded by distinguished professor of history (NC State U) John David Smith as the first professional racist in North America.
Van Evrie wrote a number of books and pamphlets attempting to justify the superiority of the white race and the subordinate status of other races, particularly the black "race."
In the United States, the concept of ‘master race’ arose within the context of master-slave race relations in the slavery-based society of historical America – particularly in the South in the mid-nineteenth century. It was based upon both the experience of slavery and the pseduo-scientific justifications for racial slavery, but also on the relations between whites in the South and North, particularly during the American Civil War. By 1860 Virginian author George Fitzhugh was using the challenging phrase “master race”, which soon came to mean considerably more than the ordinary master-slave relationship". Fitzhugh, along with a number of southern writers, used the term to differentiate Southerners from Northerners, based on the dichotomy that Southerners were supposedly descendents of Normans / Cavaliers whereas Northerners were descendents of Anglo-Saxons / Puritans.
In 1861 the Southern press bragged that Northern soldiers would "enounter a master race" and knowledge of this fact would cause Northern soldiers’ "knees to tremble". The Richmond Whig in 1862 proclaimed that "the master race of this continent is found in the southern states", and in 1863 the Richmond Examiner stated that "there are slave races born to serve, master races born to govern"
In the works of John H. Van Evrie, a Northern supporter of the Confederacy, the term was interchangeable with white supremacy, notably in White Supremacy and Negro Subordination, Or, Negroes a Subordinate Race and (so-called) slavery its normal condition (1861). In Subgeneation: the theory of the normal relations of the races; an answer to miscegenation (1864) Van Evrie created the words “subgen” to describe what he considered to be the "inferior races" and “subgeneation” to describe the ‘normal’ relation of such inferior races to whites, something which he considered to be the "very corner-stone of democracy"; but these words never entered the dictionary.
Following the defeat of the Confederacy the term "master race" immediately fell into disuse.
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Six Feet Under?
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The modern grave is only 4 feet deep.
Why? Caskets used to be made of wood instead of the modern means. You were basically burying a wooden bubble that, after it decomposed, would collapse. Burying it 6 feet from the sod (top layer of soil where most of the grassroots are) would ensure that it wouldn’t create a sink spot on the ground.
The way people are buried today has much improved. The body first goes into an expensive casket that is usually very pretty. Typically made with wood or steel, but very polished and made to look nice for the funeral. You can buy cheap caskets, but base prices start around 0 and can go up well past 00. After this, the casket is placed in a concrete box with a flat lid. Some box & vault companies offer a "vault" where the lining of the lid has the same type of tar used to place windshields in cars. This stuff is very sticky and never dries. It seals the concrete and is very hard to break through for an excavation. This concrete box ensures that it will not sink and thus means it does not need to be buried as deep.
A typical grave is 4 feet deep, 8 feet long, and 3 feet wide.
Coffin Lowering Device
The mechanical Coffin Lowering Device (CLD) has been in common usage in the USA for many years, and with the trend for solid-wood coffins plus rising obesity, is quickly becoming an operational essential for savvy Funeral Directors here. Already there are active court cases initiated by cemetery staff as well as members of the public trying to claim compensation for graveside injury.
A grave liner, also known as a burial liner, is an enclosure that is placed over a coffin containing human corpse, which is then buried in the ground. The casket serves as the inner enclosure of a deceased person; the liner serves as the outer enclosure.
A burial liner is similar to a burial vault. The main difference between a burial vault and liner is that the liner only covers the top and sides of a casket, whereas a burial vault completely encloses a casket.
In a burial liner, the bottom of the casket in this case is in direct contact with the ground. A burial liner serves to protect a casket during burial from being crushed and keeps the casket from being crushed when the heavy equipment that many modern cemeteries use pass over the grave. A liner helps keep the ground over the grave from sinking in, and helps keeps the ground even.
To prevent sunken graves, many modern cemeteries require that either a burial liner or vault be used in burials.
The use of burial liners is typical only in recent American history and is unheard of outside of the United States. The alternative to using a burial liner is to pile the earth up over the grave in order to allow for settling as is the practice in Europe and other parts of the world. For example, in the UK burial liners are never used because the inevitable subsidence of the earth over a grave is not viewed as a major problem: as the ground subsides over a number of years, earth is added to the depression to level it.
Green cemeteries and some religions discourage the use of liners as they slow down the return of the body to the earth.
Delray Beach, FL (PRWEB) August 29, 2012
A recent HealthyAnswers.com health alert reported that research out of Russia and Italy has shown that, carnosine, an antioxidant, may be all thats needed to dissolve cataracts, improve vision, and prevent unnecessary surgery. The Russian research goes back a few decades ago when researchers Mark Babizhavev, et al [Efficacy of N-acetylcarnosine in the treatment of cataracts, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12001824 started to look at carnosine as a potential treatment for cataracts. Carnosine was already known as a powerful antioxidant that prevented free radical damage in the body, but researchers wondered if it could be of even more benefit if it could be delivered to the eyes directly.
HealthyAnswers.com further related that initial attempts to deliver carnosine directly to the eyes were not very successful as there was a water/oil resistance in the eyes absorbing it. However, after researchers added an acetyl-based carrier to the carnosine, n-acetyl carnosine was created. This mixture was then able to be absorbed into the aqueous humor of the eyes where it then went to work on dissolving cataracts. In the preliminary studies, patients with varying degrees of cataract from mild to severe senile types, were treated with the n-acetyl carnosine for 6 months. The results were nothing short of astounding with 90% achieving improvement in visual acuity, 88.9% had improvement in glare sensitivity, and 41.5% had improvement in light transmission through the lens. The placebo group showed no change or had deterioration.
HealthyAnswers.com resident expert Mark Rosenberg, M.D., adds more detail, I like to keep up on the latest research to be able to help my patients. When I first read the Russian study, I was intrigued at the possibilities. I also learned that a few years ago in 2009, researchers out of the University of Catania in Sicily had similar results. In their study, [Francesco Attanasio, et al, Protective Effects of L- and D-Carnosine on alpha-Crystallin Amyloid Fibril Formation: Implications for Cataract Disease. Biochemistry, 2009, 48 (27), pp 6522%u20136531 DOI: 10.1021/bi900343n], lab animals were allowed to develop cataracts. The animals were then treated with carnosine which resulted in reversal of the cataracts, restoring clarity to the animal lenses. It was exciting to know that other researchers had similar results and I looked further into n-acetyl carnosine eye drops. I found that there are several companies who make the drops. Reading all their patient testimonial and success stories was amazingly encouraging.
Read HealthyAnswers entire article on n-acetyl carnosine and cataracts here.
HeathyAnswers.com is your health and wellness partner. Their health education site empowers readers to discover the latest natural health news, treatments and expert opinions. HealthyAnswers.com believes that education is fundamental to prevention and wellness. Their team of medical doctors and contributors are experienced and committed to natural, safe medical alternatives.
Delray Beach, FL (PRWEB) September 04, 2012
In part II of a health alert series on vision, HealthyAnswers.com reports on DHA an omega-3 fatty acid that protects eyes against ARMD (age related macular degeneration). They relate that ARMD is a vision-robbing condition that can show symptoms as early as age 40 but getting enough DHA docosohexanoic acid can prevent it. HealthyAnswers.com explains that eyes benefit so greatly from DHA because they are comprised of a high percentage of DHA-containing fat especially the retina. And, because they are so high in fat content, they are more susceptible to damage by free radicals and need higher levels of antioxidants to combat them. Vitamins like beta carotene, Vitamin D3, and Vitamin E, are very beneficial to eye health because they are fat soluble and are absorbed by the eye tissues.
HealthyAnswers.com resident expert Mark Rosenberg, M.D., explains the critical importance of DHA to eye tissues and vision. The brain and the eyes are comprised of a high percentage of DHA containing fat. Research cited as far back as 2000 (Archives of Ophthalmology 118, March 2000: 401-404) had shown that even moderate level consumption of DHA-rich fatty fish, like salmon, mackerel, etc, offered increased protection against age-related macular degeneration. Other research from 2008 (Docosahexaenoic acid prevents apoptosis of retina photo receptors by activating the ERK/MAPK pathway. J Neurochem, 2006 Sep;98(5):1507-20.) shows DHA protects the photoreceptors of the eye that enable the retina to perceive light and color. It also protects the epithelial lining of the retina and creates neuroprotectin D1, both a powerful retinal antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that protects retinal cells from damage that leads to ARMD. More recent research from 2012 (Dietary docosahexaenoic acid supplementation prevents age-related functional losses and A2E accumulation in the retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Apr 24;53(4):2256-65) shows DHA protects against the age-related decline in retinal function.
Read the full article on DHA and vision here.
HeathyAnswers.com is your health and wellness partner. Our health education site empowers readers to discover the latest natural health news, treatments and expert opinions. HealthyAnswers.com believes that education is fundamental to prevention and wellness. Our team of medical doctors and contributors are experienced and committed to natural, safe medical alternatives.